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Types of Neurological Conditions

Types of Neurological Conditions

There are more than 600 recognised neurological conditions which vary in the type of symptoms experienced, and the acute, chronic, remissive or degenerative nature of the condition. Some common neurological conditions are listed below.


If you are looking for information about a condition that is not listed here, please contact the Neurological Council of WA for further information.

Freecall 1800 645 771    Email: admin@ncwa.com.au


Alzheimers Disease

A progressive, degenerative disorder of the brain resulting in a serious loss of cognitive ability in a previously unimpaired person. https://wa.fightdementia.org.au/

Brain Injury                                                       

Injury occasioned by a sudden trauma to the brain resulting in mild, moderate, or severe symptoms associated with vision, energy, mood, coordination and concentration loss.

Brain and Spinal Cord Tumours

Where abnormal growths of tissue found inside the skull or the spinal column, place pressure on sensitive tissues and impair function. Symptoms of brain tumors may include headaches, vision and hearing impairments; and behavioral, cognitive and motor problems. Spinal cord tumour symptoms include pain, sensory changes, and motor problems.

Cerebral Palsy

A condition which affects the way the brain controls the muscles of the body resulting in a permanent, physical condition that affects movement.

Myalgic Encephalomyelitis / Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

A complex, chronic illness affecting multiple body systems, including the brain and nervous system which can result in fatigue, cognitive impairment and joint pain.


A disorder of the central nervous system characterised by loss of consciousness and convulsions. http://www.epilepsywa.asn.au

Guillian Barre Syndrome

A condition in which the person’s nerves are attacked by the body’s own immune system resulting in a spreading paralysis..

Headache and Migraine Conditions

Includes, episodic, tension-type headaches, chronic, daily headache and migraine.

Huntington’s Disease

A brain disorder causing various part of the brain to deteriorate affecting movement, behaviour and cognition. http://www.huntingtonswa.org.au 

Learning and Attentional Disorders

Includes Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and other associated learning conditions.

Menieres Disease

A disorder of the inner ear that affects hearing and balance.

Motor Neurone Disease

A progressive, degenerative disorder that affects the nerve cells controlling the muscles, resulting in a weakening of the muscles and other important functions of the body. http://www.mndawa.asn.au

Multiple Sclerosis

A chronic condition whereby the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks myelin in the body which may result in impairment of motor, sensory and cognitive functions. http://www.mswa.org.au

Muscular Dystrophy

A neuromuscular, genetic condition resulting in the progressive deterioration of muscle strength and function. http://www.mdwa.org.au

Myasthenia Gravis

A chronic, neuromuscular condition resulting in muscle weakness and fatigue.


A genetic, neurological condition with physical and cognitive effects, characterised by the growth of benign tumors under the skin.

Parkinson’s Disease

A progressive, degenerative condition of the central nervous system that often impairs motor skills, speech, and other functions. www.parkinsonswa.org.au

Peripheral Neuropathy

A condition resulting from damage to the nerves of the peripheral nervous system resulting in muscle weakness, cramps and sometimes loss of balance and coordination.

Restless Legs Syndrome

A neurological based disorder characterised by an overwhelming urge to move the legs, usually caused by uncomfortable or unpleasant sensations in the legs.

Spina Bifida

A malformation of the spinal column present at birth in which one or more vertebrae fail to close completely resulting in mild to severe physical and mental disabilities. http://sbhawa.com.au/


(Also known as Cerebrovascular Disease) – Occurs when the supply of blood to the brain is suddenly disrupted resulting in temporary or permanent disability. www.strokefoundation.org.au

Tourette Syndrome

Tourette Syndrome is characterised by involuntary, irresistible body movements and vocalisations. It is complex and individual in its effect and often involves behavioural difficulties. www.tourette.org.au

Trigeminal Neuralgia

A condition that affects the trigeminal nerve in the head resulting in intense facial pain.